University of Arkansas Engineer Contributes to Solar Plane Project

Attempt to be made at flying around the world

Tuesday, November 27, 2012
The first Solar Impulse plane, flying over Switzerland. Photo courtesy of Solar Impulse.

The first Solar Impulse plane, flying over Switzerland. Photo courtesy of Solar Impulse.

Robert Saunders, a graduate of the College of Engineering and an instructor in the electrical engineering department, is designing an autopilot system for a completely solar-powered airplane. This plane, called Solar Impulse, will attempt to fly around the world using nothing but the sun’s energy.

The idea to fly a manned, solar-powered aircraft around the globe began with Bertrand Piccard and Andre Borschberg, both pilots. These two men have been working with the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, or Swiss Institute of Technology, and with a team of mechanical and electrical engineers, physicists, IT specialists, composite material specialists and mission controllers. The team has created the first solar airplane able to fly day and night propelled only by solar energy. They are currently working on a second plane capable of using solar energy to fly around the world. 

The wings and horizontal stabilizer of Solar Impulse are covered with solar cells. These cells collect the sun’s energy during the day, which powers the plane and charges the batteries that keep it flying through the night. The first version of the plane, Solar Impulse HB-SIA, holds five world records, including three from its historical 26 hour flight without fuel. A second version, Solar Impulse HB-SIB, is under construction now and is scheduled to attempt a round-the-world flight in 2015. Saunders’ employer, TruTrak, has partnered with Solar Impulse in this endeavor.

Saunders explained that the biggest challenge in creating HB-SIB is ensuring that both the aircraft and the pilot have the endurance for the journey. Since the craft holds only one person, during long flights over oceans and uninhabited areas, the pilot of Solar Impulse will have to fly the plane with only 20-minute breaks for resting. During those 20-minute breaks, Trutrak's auto-pilot system will control the airspeed and direction of the plane.

For most airplanes, controlling altitude is an important task for the auto-pilot system. On the other hand, Saunders explained that controlling airspeed is more important for Solar Impulse. “If you go too fast, you tear the wings off. If you go too slow, you stall. The difference between the two in this airplane is very small.” In addition, the auto-pilot system must keep the wings level to control the direction of the plane.

In order for Solar Impulse to complete its flight, the auto-pilot system will have to work perfectly, along with the team at mission control and the single pilot in the cockpit. “It’s a huge endurance test for the pilot,” said Saunders.

On the Solar Impulse website, Piccard explains that “our airplane is not designed to carry passengers, but to carry a message. We want to show what can be achieved using clean technologies to reduce our society’s dependence of fossil energies.” 

For more information on Solar Impulse, go to solarimpulse.com.

 

Contacts:

Camilla Medders, director of communications
College of Engineering
(479) 575-5697, camillam@uark.edu

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